ZoneMinder video camera security and surveillance

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ZoneMinder usually runs with Apache, but in this short how-to we use Lighttpd.

First, add the needed packages to our system

apk add zoneminder mysql mysql-client lighttpd php5-fpm php5-pdo php5-pdo_mysql

Initialize MySQL database

/etc/init.d/mariadb setup

Set root password for MySQL as instructed by MySQL setup

/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'your_secure_root_mysql_password'

Create a ZoneMinder MySQL database and user

mysql> create database zm;
mysql> CREATE USER zm@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'your_zm_password_as_set_in_config';
mysql> grant CREATE, INSERT, SELECT, DELETE, UPDATE, DROP on zm.* to zm@localhost;

We are running lighttpd, so let's run php-fpm as lighttpd user/group

vim /etc/php5/php-fpm.conf

Which should look like:

; Unix user/group of processes
; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
;       will be used.
;user = nobody
;group = nobody
user = lighttpd
group = lighttpd

Enable the php cgi fpm config in lighttpd.conf

vim /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

Go down to the includes section, it should look like:

# {{{ includes
include "mime-types.conf"
# uncomment for cgi support
   include "mod_cgi.conf"
# uncomment for php/fastcgi support
#   include "mod_fastcgi.conf"
# uncomment for php/fastcgi fpm support
   include "mod_fastcgi_fpm.conf"

# }}}

Edit lighttpd cgi config and add old style cgi support by adding to cgi.assign

vim /etc/lighttpd/mod_cgi.conf

which should look like

cgi.assign = (
    ""      =>      "",
    ".pl"   =>      "/usr/bin/perl",
    ".cgi"  =>      "/usr/bin/perl"
)

Start php-fpm

/etc/init.d/php-fpm start

Start lighttpd

/etc/init.d/lighttpd start

Set the MySQL hostname, username, password.

Change the ZoneMinder user (ZM_WEB_USER) and group (ZM_WEB_GROUP) to lighttpd

And set ZM_SERVER_HOST to your ZoneMinder hostname/ipaddress

vim /etc/zm.conf

Which should look like:

# Username and group that web daemon (httpd/apache) runs as
ZM_WEB_USER=lighttpd
ZM_WEB_GROUP=lighttpd
# ZoneMinder database type: so far only mysql is supported
ZM_DB_TYPE=mysql

# ZoneMinder database hostname or ip address
ZM_DB_HOST=localhost

# ZoneMinder database name
ZM_DB_NAME=zm

# ZoneMinder database user
ZM_DB_USER=zm

# ZoneMinder database password
ZM_DB_PASS=your_zm_password_as_set_in_config

# Host of this machine
ZM_SERVER_HOST=yourserver

Change ownership of zm.conf to lighttpd

chown lighttpd.lighttpd /etc/zm.conf

Initialize the ZoneMinder database

/etc/init.d/zoneminder setup

Start ZoneMinder

/etc/init.d/zoneminder start

Profit!

To access ZoneMinder, browse to http://yourserver/zm/

To make it start automatically on boot:

rc-update add lighttpd default
rc-update add mariadb default
rc-update add php-fpm default
rc-update add zoneminder default