Python package policies

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Python packages in Alpine Linux should follow a general set of standards for their APKBUILDs.

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This material is work-in-progress ...

Pending consensus on this approach, some discussion is taking place on the talk page
(Last edited by Keith.maxwell on 14 Apr 2019.)

Guidelines

  • Prefix Python 3 libraries with py3-, and Python 2 libraries with py2-. Do not prefix programs (distinct from libraries) at all.

General Template

Be sure to make the following changes:

  • Update maintainer to yourself
  • Set the pkgname to the Alpine package name (prefixed with "py-")
  • Set _pyname to the name of the package on PyPI
  • Update the version number, pkgdesc, url, and license
  • Build it and address any issues that come up
  • Read the build output and be vigilant for issues listed in the following sections - the build may complete successfully even though these issues are present

Python 3 only

Note that if you are removing python2 support from a package which previously had it, you should add

replaces="py2-example"

as well. If the old package was a split package, also add

replaces="py-example"

.

# Maintainer: Joe Bloe <joe@example.org>
pkgname=py3-alpine-name
_pyname=pypi-name
pkgver=1.2.3
pkgrel=0
pkgdesc="Example Python package"
url=https://example.org
arch=noarch
license=MIT
depends="python3"
makedepends="py3-setuptools"
_pypiprefix="${_pyname%${_pyname#?}}"
source="https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/source/$_pypiprefix/$_pyname/$_pyname-$pkgver.tar.gz"
builddir=$srcdir/$_pyname-$pkgver

build() {
	cd "$builddir"
	python3 setup.py build
}

check() {
	cd "$builddir"
	python3 setup.py test
}

package() {
	cd "$builddir"
	python3 setup.py install --prefix=/usr --root="$pkgdir"
}

Python 2 & 3

Specify all of the runtime dependencies for both Python 2 & 3 in the makedepends.

# Maintainer: Joe Bloe <joe@example.org>
pkgname=py-alpine-name
_pyname=pypi-name
pkgver=1.2.3
pkgrel=0
pkgdesc="Example Python package"
url=https://example.org
arch=noarch
license=MIT
_py2_deps="..."
_py3_deps="..."
subpackages="py2-${pkgname#py-}:_py2 py3-${pkgname#py-}:_py3"
makedepends="py2-setuptools py3-setuptools $_py2_deps $_py3_deps"
_pypiprefix="${_pyname%${_pyname#?}}"
source="https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/source/$_pypiprefix/$_pyname/$_pyname-$pkgver.tar.gz"
builddir=$srcdir/$_pyname-$pkgver

prepare() {
	default_prepare 
	cp -r "$builddir" "$builddir"-py2
}

build() {
	cd "$builddir"
	python3 setup.py build
	cd "$builddir"-py2
	python2 setup.py build
}

check() {
	cd "$builddir"
	python3 setup.py test
	cd "$builddir"-py2
	python2 setup.py test
}

package() {
	mkdir -p "$pkgdir"
}

_py2() {
	depends="$_py2_deps"
	cd "$builddir"-py2
	_py python2
}

_py3() {
	depends="$_py3_deps"
	cd "$builddir"
	_py python3
}

_py() {
	_python="$1"
	pkgdesc="$pkgdesc (for $_python)"
	depends="$depends $_python"
	install_if="$pkgname=$pkgver-r$pkgrel $_python"
	$_python setup.py install --prefix=/usr --root="$subpkgdir"
}

Common issues

No source package available (only the wheel is on PyPI)

Seek out the upstream source (e.g. GitHub) and swap out the URL.

No tests in PyPI package "(0 tests run)"

Seek out the upstream source (e.g. GitHub) and swap out the URL.

setup.py test downloads a lot of dependencies

Watch out for this and be sure to add any of these packages to checkdepends so that setuptools isn't downloading and testing against packages/versions which aren't in aports.

Different dependencies between py2 and py3 versions

Add depends="..." to the respective _py2 or _py3 subpackage functions.

Alpine+Python projects

aports normalization project

Many Python packages in aports (if not most) do not follow these guidelines.

TODO: obtain consensus and organize this work.

Python 2 deprecation

Underconstruction clock icon gray.svg
This material is work-in-progress ...

Pending consensus on this approach
(Last edited by Keith.maxwell on 14 Apr 2019.)

The general approach to Python 2 deprecation and removal requires three broad steps:

  1. Do not add new python 2 packages to aports, effective immediately.
  2. In the course of the aports normalization project, drop Python 2 support if it's easy or triage it and make a note for later if not.
  3. Making judgement calls for difficult packages on a case-by-case basis, based on the upstream's progress/amicability towards a Python 3 port. Upstreams which are unwilling to port to Python 3 should be removed from aports.

TODO: Prepare some discussion place, git repos, scripts, etc, to organize this work.