NetworkManager

From Alpine Linux

NetworkManager is a program that provides automatic detection and configuration for systems to connect to networks.


Installation

# apk add networkmanager


Note:

Networkmanager needs to have udev to be setup properly. The busybox implementation mdev is not sufficient. You can set up proper udev with:

# setup-devd udev

Otherwise your network devices can be listed as (strictly-)unmanaged.

There are multiple interfaces available for NetworkManager:


You will need to install an additional package if you want NetworkManager to connect to wifi:

# apk add networkmanager-wifi


After installation start NetworkManager:

# rc-service networkmanager start


Then set it to autostart the service on boot:

# rc-update add networkmanager default


Also your user needs to be in the plugdev group:

# adduser <YourUsername> plugdev

Note: you will need to log out for the new group to take effect


Wired networks

If wired networks do not appear or you get an error message like "Could not activate connection: Connection 'Ethernet connection 1' is not available on device eth0 because device is strictly unmanaged", add the following to /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf:

[ifupdown]
managed=true


Wireless networks

wpa_supplicant backend

Todo: (KDE Plasma Desktop) find out if it is possible to prevent requesting the password for KDE Wallet on login


Note: wpa_supplicant configuration might not be required, if it isn't it may be a good idea to have it setup just as a fallback


Now open /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf in a text editor and change it to something like this:

Contents of /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf

[main] dhcp=internal plugins=ifupdown,keyfile [ifupdown] managed=true [device] wifi.scan-rand-mac-address=yes wifi.backend=wpa_supplicant
Note: if these options dont work on your system you can change them as necessary


Now you need to stop conflicting services:

# rc-service networking stop

# rc-service wpa_supplicant stop


Now restart NetworkManager:

# rc-service networkmanager restart


Now connect to a network using one of the interfaces mentioned in Installation


If that connects and stays connected with no issues enable the networkmanager service and disable the networking and wpa_supplicant boot services:

# rc-update add networkmanager

# rc-update del networking boot

# rc-update del wpa_supplicant boot


iwd backend

NetworkManager supports wireless networks through iwd, however, consider existing issues before using it. After installation, enable the server and restart NetworkManager:

rc-service iwd start
rc-service networkmanager restart

To use iwd though, you've have to edit NetworkManager's configuration because it still defaults to wpa_supplicant instead. Add the following to /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf:

[device]
wifi.backend=iwd


VPN support

Since version 1.16, NetworkManager has support for Wireguard[1].

Support for other VPN types is provided by plugins. They are provided in the following packages:

nm-applet

not authorized to control networking

You can enable all users to edit connections without adding polkit. First, make the conf.d directory for networkmanager:

# mkdir -p /etc/NetworkManager/conf.d

Then, add following content to /etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/any-user.conf:

[main]
auth-polkit=false

Finally, restart networkmanager:

# rc-service networkmanager restart