The following instructions are for modern Intel GPU chipsets covered by the i915 driver. See #Known working configurations.
- Run the setup-xorg-base script.
- Install the Xorg Intel video drivers:
- Enable #Kernel Modesetting (KMS). Specifically, the
fbconmodule is necessary, or leaving Xorg (via
Ctrl+Alt+F1or quitting) will result in a black screen until the machine is power cycled. If you have already launch Xorg and don't want to experience this effect, you can
modprobe fbconwhile Xorg is running.
Kernel Modesetting (KMS)
To enable KMS at boot:
- Add the
fbconmodules to /etc/modules:
- Enable the
kmsfeature in the
mkinitfsconfiguration by adding it to the features variable, e.g.,
- Reboot to test the configuration.
Fixing MESA-LOADER errors
The linux-hardened kernel package places restrictions on sysfs and will prevent the MESA-LOADER from working as a normal user even if added to the video group.
Either switch to the linux-vanilla package or apply the grsec_sysfs_restrict=0 kernel parameter to allow normal users to access hardware acceleration on the desktop.
Known working configurations
- Lenovo X1 Carbon (1st gen),
# lspci -s 02 -v 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 3rd Gen Core processor Graphics Controller (rev 09) (prog-if 00 [VGA controller]) Subsystem: Lenovo Device 21f9 Flags: bus master, fast devsel, latency 0, IRQ 28 Memory at f0000000 (64-bit, non-prefetchable) [size=4M] Memory at e0000000 (64-bit, prefetchable) [size=256M] I/O ports at 4000 [size=64] Expansion ROM at <unassigned> [disabled] Capabilities:  MSI: Enable+ Count=1/1 Maskable- 64bit- Capabilities: [d0] Power Management version 2 Capabilities: [a4] PCI Advanced Features Kernel driver in use: i915