Classic install or sys mode on Raspberry Pi

From Alpine Linux
Jump to: navigation, search

A howto for classic installation, or "sys mode".

This method works with a desktop PC under Ubuntu and other Linuxes.

Preparation

Download the archive from the Rasperry Pi armhf link here. Sha256 and GPG links appear next to the link to check the download.

On a class 10 sd-card with a size of 8Go or more, create two partitions:-

  • First in fat16 with size of 256Mo. You may have to check boot and lba flags
  • Second in ext4 with the remaining place

Eject and insert your SD card in order to recognize all the partitions.

Now go into the first partition (fat16).

Untar the archive with tar:

tar zxvf ~/Download/alpine-rpi-*-armhf.tar.gz

Due to a bug, it is recommended to add a file named usercfg.txt into the partition. The file should contain the following single line:

enable_uart=1

Eject the SD card properly, insert it into the Raspberry Pi, plug a usb keyboard in plus the HDMI and network cables, and power on.

When a prompt displays, connect as root without a password.

Installation

Execute the following commands.

setup-alpine 

Set the mapping keyboard, the timezone, how to connect to the network (dhcp is the best method), say none at save config and save cache.

apk update

Raspberry Pi has no battery for his hardware clock, so synchronize with an ntp server:

apk add chrony   
service chronyd restart
apk add e2fsprogs
mount /dev/mmcblk0p2 /mnt  # The second partition, in ext4 format, where Alpine Linux is installing in sys mode
setup-disk -m sys /mnt
mount -o remount,rw /dev/mmcblk0p1  # An update in the first partition is required for the next reboot.

Clean up the boot folder in the first partition to drop unused files:

rm -f /media/mmcblk0p1/boot/*  
cd /mnt       # We are in the second partition 
rm boot/boot  # Drop the unused symbolink link

Move the image and init ram for Alpine Linux into the right place:

mv boot/* /media/mmcblk0p1/boot/  
rm -Rf boot
mkdir media/mmcblk0p1   # It's the mount point for the first partition on the next reboot

Don't worry about the error with the following:

ln -s media/mmcblk0p1/boot boot

Update /etc/fstab:

echo "/dev/mmcblk0p1 /media/mmcblk0p1 vfat defaults 0 0" >> etc/fstab
sed -i '/cdrom/d' etc/fstab   # Of course, you don't have any cdrom or floppy on the Raspberry Pi
sed -i '/floppy/d' etc/fstab
cd /media/mmcblk0p1

If you want to active edge repository

sed -i '/edge/s/^#//' etc/apk/repositories   # But enable the repository for community if you want vim, mc, php, apache, nginx, etc.

For the next boot, indicate that the root filesystem is on the second partition:

sed -i 's/^/root=\/dev\/mmcblk0p2 /' cmdline.txt  
reboot 

That works on Raspberry Pi 3B and 1B, but if you have the 1B version, let's be very, very patient (several tens of minutes).

If a hard disk is connected via usb, you can replace the /dev/mmcblk0p2 above with /dev/sda1, for example.

If you don't like the sed above and its expressions, you can use a nano editor instead after executing the following command:

apk add nano

Post-installation

The Raspberry Pi (RPI) has no battery to keep the time updated. Therefore, we need to enable the right service to synchronize with an ntp server:

rc-update del hwclock boot
rc-update add swclock boot
service hwclock stop
service swclock start

Update and upgrade the system:

apk update
apk upgrade

If you want a cool editor (vim), a file manager (mc), and to determine which tasks are running and which services are starting on boot (htop), add the right packages:

apk add vim mc htop
htop
rc-update

The RPI 3B has wifi on board for networking, so start the service for the encrypted key on wpa2 protocol:

apk add wpa_supplicant
rc-update add wpa_supplicant boot
service wpa_supplicant start
setup-interface 

Replace the IP address by dhcp for all the interfaces if necessary; select the SSID network for wifi; and add password.

ip addr    # to know the IP address for all interfaces

If you want to connect on your remote RPI via ssh, an additional user (foo) and the sudo package are required because it's forbidden to connect as root:

apk add sudo
adduser foo
adduser foo wheel
visudo 

Uncomment line #82 with wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL. If vim is installed, save the changes by typing Esc :x


See also