QEMU is a very flexible open source machine emulator and virtualizer. QEMU is able to virtualize x86, PowerPC, and S390 guests.
Install Alpine Linux in Qemu
Before You Start
- Download the latest Alpine image.
- Install QEMU on your system (e.g.
sudo apt install qemuon Ubuntu,
yum -y install qemuon Fedora)
Create the Virtual Machine
Create a disk image if you want to install Alpine Linux.
The following command starts QEMU with the Alpine ISO image as CDROM, the default network configuration, 512MB RAM, the disk image that was created in the previous step, and CDROM as the boot device.
Log in as
root (no password) and run:
Follow the setup-alpine installation steps.
poweroff to shut down the machine.
Booting the Virtual Machine
After the installation QEMU can be started from disk image (
-boot c) without CDROM.
If your just want to give Alpine Linux a try, qemu can be used without a disk image and further configuration.
You need to issue
at boot prompt to avoid being forced in graphical mode and loosing access.
Question: Is there a way to pass an apkovl as paramater at this stage?
Response to self: Yes. I do it like this and I mount /dev/vda1 as /media/config to store the apkovl and the apkcache:
mkdir -p /media/usb/images qemu-img create -f raw /media/usb/images/mykvm.config 32M qemu-system-x86_64 -enable-kvm -m 384 \ -name mykvm \ -cdrom /media/usb/images/alpine-3.2.0-x86_64.iso \ -drive file=/media/usb/images/mykvm.config,if=virtio \ -net lan \ -boot d &
And inside the KVM
fdisk /dev/vda mkdosfs /dev/vda1 mkdir -p /media/config echo "/dev/vda1 /media/config vfat rw 0 0" >> /etc/fstab mount /media/config setup-alpine lbu ci
At next reboot, it will use the newly generated apkovl and apkcache stored on /dev/vda1 running in run-from-ram from the latest official ISO.
Advanced network configuration
To get networking running correctly, you can use the tun/tap interface, which then becomes a real interface. The key is to define the virtual network interface on the correct virtual vlan, and the correct ifup script.
You need 2 net commands on the command line interface, one for the host:
-net tap,vlan=[somenumber],ifname=[host if],script=[some script]
one for the guest
So to have a single NIC on the qemu virtual system that is connected to tap0 on the physical host:
qemu -net tap,vlan=0,ifname=tap0,script=./qemu-ifup -net nic,vlan0 \ -boot d -cdrom alpine*.iso}}
To create a qemu guest with more than one nic, just repeat the -net commands
qemu -net tap,vlan=0,ifname=tap0,script=./qemu-ifup -net nic,vlan0 \ -net tap,vlan=0,ifname=tap1,script=./qemu-ifup -net nic,vlan0 \ -net tap,vlan=0,ifname=tap2,script=./qemu-ifup -net nic,vlan0 \ -boot d -cdrom alpine*.iso}}
Now your alpine guest will have 3 NICs, mapped to tap0, tap1, and tap2 respectively.
What's actually happening is you are effectively creating a point-to-point tunnel, with the phys tap0 device being one endpoint, and the virtual box's eth0 being on the other point of the tunnel.
So you need to assign ip addresses to BOTH sides of the tunnel. The qemu-ifup script is what does that for the host. Here's an example:
#!/bin/sh case $1 in tun0 | tap0 ) sudo /sbin/ip addr add 192.168.1.100/24 dev $1 sudo /sbin/ip link set $1 up ;; tap1 | tun1 ) sudo /sbin/ip addr add 192.168.2.100/24 dev $1 sudo /sbin/ip link set $1 up ;; tap2 | tun2 ) sudo /sbin/ip addr add 192.168.3.100/24 dev $1 sudo /sbin/ip link set $1 up ;; esac
In your alpinebox, create an interfaces file like this:
iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.1.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.1.100 iface eth1 inet static address 192.168.2.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.3.1 netmask 255.255.255.0
If on your host you now add a MASQUERADE rule for tap0 to your host's default nic, and you turn on ip_forward on your host, you can now do svn updates, surf, run tranmission, etc right from your qemu guest.
Using Xorg inside Qemu
The video driver needed for Xorg inside Qemu is
Run a guest OS on Alpine Linux using Qemu
Logout and login again so you become part of the kvm group