Difference between revisions of "Xfce Setup"

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(Create user accounts)
m (Install packages: edited to include all referenced commands.)
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Install xorg, XFCE and basic desktop system.<BR>
 
Install xorg, XFCE and basic desktop system.<BR>
 
This might take a few minutes depending on your network speed.  
 
This might take a few minutes depending on your network speed.  
{{Cmd|apk add alpine-desktop}}
+
{{Cmd|apk add alpine-desktop xfce4 xorg-server}}
  
 
== Optional packages ==
 
== Optional packages ==

Revision as of 00:13, 16 February 2013

Initial setup

Start by booting up Alpine (see these instructions on how to do that)
When Alpine is up and running, do the initial setup.

setup-alpine

Install packages

Install xorg, XFCE and basic desktop system.
This might take a few minutes depending on your network speed.

apk add alpine-desktop xfce4 xorg-server

Optional packages

Video and Input packages

You might also want to install a package suitable for your video chipset and input devices.
For example, if you have an Sis video chipset install 'xf86-video-sis', for Intel video chipset install 'xf86-video-intel'.

apk add xf86-video-sis

and / or

apk add xf86-input-synaptics

Run 'apk search xf86-video*' to see available xf86-video packages.
Run 'apk search xf86-input*' to see available xf86-input packages.

acpid

If you installed your Alpine Linux as a VirtualBox or VMWare guest you might find it handy to be able send ACPI shutdown.

rc-update add acpid

Configure xorg-server (optional)

On most systems, xorg should be able to autodetect all devices. However you can still configure xorg-server by hand by launching:

Xorg -configure

This will result in `/root/xorg.conf.new`. You can modify this file to fit your needs.
(When finished modifying and testing the above configuration file, move it to `/etc/X11/xorg.conf` for normal usage.)

Keyboard Layout

If you use a layout different than "us", you need to:

apk add setxkbmap setxkbmap <%a language layout from /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/xorg.lst%>

In order to make it persistent add this section to /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

Section "InputClass" Identifier "Keyboard Default" MatchIsKeyboard "yes" Option "XkbLayout" "<%a language layout from /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/xorg.lst%>" EndSection

udev

Adding udev might help you with some finicky hardware like touchpads.

apk add udev /etc/init.d/udev start && /etc/init.d/udev-postmount start rc-update add udev sysinit rc-update add udev-postmount default echo "fbcon" >> /etc/modules

Adding evdev might also be necessary, for example if the keyboard doesn't work in X...

apk add xf86-input-evdev

Create user accounts

Create a normal user account.

adduser ncopa

Optionally, give that user sudo permissions in /etc/sudoers. When doing so, it is important to use the command:

visudo

This ensures that only one user is changing the file at any given time. Visudo has two modes: Command mode and Insert mode. To edit the file, use the arrows to navigate to the appropriate line and enter Insert mode by pressing the 'i' key. To save and exit, enter Command mode by pressing the 'Esc' key, then ':w' + 'enter' to save, and finally ':q' + 'enter' to quit.

Start your desktop

Start lxdm and log in with your new user.

rc-service lxdm start

Once you have verified that it actually works you can make lxdm start up at boot:

rc-update add lxdm

Troubleshooting

If you are unable to login, check /var/log/lxdm.log, there may be output there from X to indicate failed modules, etc.

If your mouse / keyboard is not responding, try to install xf86-input-evdev (that will appeared in lxdm.log if you lack it).

Screenshot

alt text