Difference between revisions of "Upgrading Alpine - v1.9.x"

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m (Download a new Alpine Linux release)
m (Upgrading Alpine - HD v1.9.x moved to Upgrading Alpine - v1.9.x: Inaccurate page name. Also feel it's easier to have one page handling all the upgrade scenerios.)
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Revision as of 06:00, 16 October 2009

Upgrading Alpine 1.9.x that runs on HD/CF/USB

This document applies to alpine which is installed on HardDisk(HD), CompactFlash(CF) or USB.

All examples/instructions/actions mentioned in this document should be executed on the box that you are planning to upgrade (unless you are instructed otherwise).

Setup environment variables

To make the documentation a bit more "generic" we start by setting some environment variables.

vi /etc/lbu/lbu.conf

Make sure that the variable LBU_MEDIA is not commented (by removing the leading '#').

You also need to set a appropriate value for your LBU_MEDIA. The media you choose will be the media where you store your settings/configuration.

Note: Even if you have you alpine installed on CF, HD or USB you can still choose to save your config on some other media that suits your needs. But remember that both the media where you have your Alpine system AND the media where you have your config need to be in your box when booting it.

Examples:

LBU_MEDIA=usb

or:

LBU_MEDIA=sda1

Now that you have your /etc/lbu/lbu.conf configured for your needs, we will set the environment variables (note the leading .).

. /etc/lbu/lbu.conf

You can test if your environment variable was set:

echo $LBU_MEDIA

It should output something like usb, sda1, or whatever you just configured.

Back up your config

Before starting to upgrade, it's wise to save your configuration.

lbu ci

Download a new Alpine Linux release

Start by checking that you have enough space on your media.
You need at least 400MB available space.

df -h | grep "Filesystem\|$LBU_MEDIA"

Start downloading a new '.iso' and a '.sha1' file

cd /media/$LBU_MEDIA
wget -c Template:Latest 1.9 alpine iso-mirroralpine-1.9.3-x86.iso
wget http://dev.alpinelinux.org/alpine/v1.9/iso/alpine-1.9.3-x86.iso.sha1

Check integrity of the downloaded files (it might take some time)

sha1sum -c alpine-1.9.3-x86.iso.sha1

The output of the above command should say 'OK'.
If says 'FAILED', delete the iso file and download it again.

Copy the new release

Mount the ISO.

mkdir /tmp/alpine-new
mount -t iso9660 alpine-1.9.3-x86.iso /tmp/alpine-new

Back up file that you have modified (below is a list of files that might need backing up)
syslinux.cfg: You might have modified it to show console on a serial port

cp /media/$LBU_MEDIA/syslinux.cfg /media/$LBU_MEDIA/syslinux.cfg.my

Copy the files:

cd /tmp/alpine-new
rsync --delete -rltv .alpine-release * /media/$LBU_MEDIA/ 

Restore your backed up files (in case you had any)

mv -f /media/$LBU_MEDIA/syslinux.cfg.my /media/$LBU_MEDIA/syslinux.cfg

Make sure that all files are permanently saved in right place

sync

Execute upgrade script

The new media has a 'upgrade' script found on root level on media. This 'upgrade' script needs to be executed and walked through.

/media/$LBU_MEDIA/upgrade

You will be informed about various changes and you will be able to choose if you want to keep your old config-files or if you want to use a new.
Each setup is different, so it's hard to say what needs to be upgraded and what should be kept.

When the new media holds a updated version of configfile, you will be prompted with something that looks like this:

Quit, Next, Show diff, Edit new, Zap new, Use new (q/n/s/e/z/u) [s]:

If you choose to 'Edit new' you will use the 'vi' editor.
A short note on how you use that editor:

  • i = Enter "insert" mode so you can edit the content
  • [esc] = Enter CMD-mode where you can chose to save/quit
    • CMD-mode has these options
      • :w = Write your changes
      • :q = Quit editor
      • :q! = Force quit even if you have changes that is still not saved

Clean up

Clean up the downloaded/unpacked files

umount /tmp/alpine-new
rmdir /tmp/alpine-new
rm /media/$LBU_MEDIA/alpine-1.9.3-x86.iso
rm /media/$LBU_MEDIA/alpine-1.9.3-x86.iso.sha1

Save changes

Now that all upgrades are done, we should save our settings to our media (which you hopefully have backed up).

lbu ci

Rebooting

In most cases you will need to reboot Alpine (especially if there are changes in the kernel):

reboot

Note: If you know what you are doing, you might not need to reboot.
But make sure that all services affected by the upgrade are restarted.