Setting up a ssh-server
If you need to administer a Alpine Linux box, you can install and use Openssh is used to provide a secure encrypted communications between you and the host where openssh is running (the ssh-server is called sshd and the ssh-client is called ssh)..
Make it autostart
Next time you reboot your Linux box, you would probably want your sshd to automatically start.
You can check your boot services:
Start it up now
The reason we want to manually start sshd at this moment is that we want sshd to create some initial files that he needs. After they are created, we can permanently save them.
Next reason is... we don't have time to wait for the box to reboot ;-)
The default config that comes with openssh has pretty good default values.
But sometimes you would like to fine-tune things. We show some examples below on what you might want to do.
The fine-tuning is done by editing /etc/ssh/sshd_config
"#" marks that the rest of the line should be ignored by sshd. Everything right to the "#" is treated as comments.
UseDNS no # By setting this to no, you could increase speed when the client starts to connect to this ssh-server PasswordAuthentication no # Instead you could use private/public keys to authenticate to this box (this increases security for the box)
Many other options are found in /etc/ssh/sshd_config. The describing text that comes in the same file will guide you in your fine-tuning.
As default, sshd will communicate on port '22' using protocol 'TCP'.
You would need to make sure that the box where sshd is running, doesn't block your connection attempts on 22TCP.
If you still have trouble accessing your box, make sure that there is no other firewall blocking your connection.
Sometimes 22TCP is blocked by some firewall that you can not control. In those cases you might want to configure sshd to communicate on some other port.
In that case you change /etc/ssh/sshd_config to reflect your needs.
But before you do so, you need to check so you don't use a port that already is in use. (You can check this by using the command 'netstat -ln' on the box where you plan to run sshd)
Port 443 # Use whatever port number that fits your needs
You need to restart sshd after you done you modifications.
If you already haven't done so, save all your settings
Alternatively you can use Dropbear. Install it:
And if you are happy with it, add it to the default runlevel:
Use the following command to check all available server options:
The config file is located at /etc/conf.d/dropbear.
Dropbear also includes an SSH client which in its simplest form can be used like this:
(where x.x.x.x is the destination server). Use dbclient -h to see all available options.