Difference between revisions of "Setting up Logical Volumes with LVM"

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(Setting up /vservers partition)
(corrected for 1.9: start localmount before swap; added rc-update commands)
Line 77: Line 77:
  
 
=== Start LVM during Boot ===
 
=== Start LVM during Boot ===
We want lvm to init the logical voluems during boot. There is a boot service named ''lvm'' to do this. If your volumes are on raid, make sure that ''/etc/init.d/lvm'' is started after mdadm-raid.
+
We want lvm to init the logical volumes during boot. There is a boot service named ''lvm'' to do this. If your volumes are on raid, make sure that ''/etc/init.d/lvm'' is started after mdadm-raid.
 +
rc-update add lvm
  
 +
Or, on Alpine Linux 1.8 or earlier:
 
  rc_add -s 12 -k lvm
 
  rc_add -s 12 -k lvm
  
Line 89: Line 91:
 
  /dev/vg0/swap  none            swap    sw    0 0
 
  /dev/vg0/swap  none            swap    sw    0 0
  
Start the swap service and make sure it starts during next reboot and tht is starts '''after''' lvm.
 
 
/etc/init.d/swap start
 
rc_add -s 14 -k swap
 
  
 
=== Setting up /vservers partition ===
 
=== Setting up /vservers partition ===
Line 108: Line 106:
  
 
Note that the ''tagxid'' option is specific for setting up vserver [http://oldwiki.linux-vserver.org/Disk+Limits disk limits] so it might be you don't want it. The ''noatime'' option is to increase performance but you will no longer know when files were accessed last time.
 
Note that the ''tagxid'' option is specific for setting up vserver [http://oldwiki.linux-vserver.org/Disk+Limits disk limits] so it might be you don't want it. The ''noatime'' option is to increase performance but you will no longer know when files were accessed last time.
 +
 +
=== Starting localmount and swap ===
  
 
Now we can start the ''localmount'' boot service to mount our partition.
 
Now we can start the ''localmount'' boot service to mount our partition.
Line 113: Line 113:
  
 
Make sure we run ''localmount'' during boot too, and that it is done after lvm.
 
Make sure we run ''localmount'' during boot too, and that it is done after lvm.
 +
rc-update add localmount
 +
 +
Or, on Alpine Linux 1.8 or earlier:
 
  rc_add -s 14 -k localmount
 
  rc_add -s 14 -k localmount
 +
 +
 +
Start the swap service and make sure it starts during next reboot and that it starts '''after''' lvm.
 +
 +
/etc/init.d/swap start
 +
rc-update add swap
 +
 +
Or, on Alpine Linux 1.8 or earlier:
 +
/etc/init.d/swap start
 +
rc_add -s 14 -k swap
 +
  
 
=== More Info on LVM ===
 
=== More Info on LVM ===
 
For more information, have a look at the [http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/commontask.html common tasks] section in the [http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/index.html LVM Howto].
 
For more information, have a look at the [http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/commontask.html common tasks] section in the [http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/index.html LVM Howto].

Revision as of 17:35, 2 September 2009

This document how to create logical volumes in Alpine using lvm2.

LVM is collection of programs that allow larger physical disks to be reassembled into "logical" disks that can be shrunk or expanded as data needs change.

In this document we will use a software raid1 device as physical storage for our logical volumes. We will set up a swap partition and a data partition for vservers

Installing LVM software

First we need to load the kernel driver, dm-mod

modprobe dm-mod

We also want it to be loaded during next reboot.

echo dm-mod >> /etc/modules

We also need the userspace programs.

apk_add lvm2

Preparing the physical volumes

First we need to tell LVM that de partition is available as a physical volume and can be added to a volume group. In this example we use a software raid array as physical volume.

pvcreate /dev/md0

Preparing the Volume Group

We can then create a volume group and add the physical volume /dev/md0

vgcreate vg0 /dev/md0

If we later need more space we can add additional physcal volumes with vgextend. All physcal disks/partitions added need to be prepared with pvcreate.

Creating Logical volumes

In the volume group we can create logical volumes. To create a 1GB volume called swap and a 6GB volume called 'vservers on the volume group vg0 we run

lvcreate -n swap -L 1G vg0
lvcreate -n vservers -L 6G vg0

Display Logical Volumes

You can now se the logical volumes with the lvdisplay utility.

lvdisplay
 --- Logical volume ---
 LV Name                /dev/vg0/swap
 VG Name                vg0
 LV UUID                a4NYOi-FQP6-Lj5Q-0TYk-Jjtk-Qxjt-nxeBPn
 LV Write Access        read/write
 LV Status              available
 # open                 0
 LV Size                1.00 GB
 Current LE             256
 Segments               1
 Allocation             inherit
 Read ahead sectors     0
 Block device           253:0
  
 --- Logical volume ---
 LV Name                /dev/vg0/vservers
 VG Name                vg0
 LV UUID                16VMmy-7I0s-eeoW-tL2V-JrlN-jM6C-d0wEg0
 LV Write Access        read/write
 LV Status              available
 # open                 0
 LV Size                6.00 GB
 Current LE             1536
 Segments               1
 Allocation             inherit
 Read ahead sectors     0
 Block device           253:1

Rename Logical Volumes

lvrename /dev/vg0/vservers /dev/vg0/database

Extend Logical Volumes

If you want to add space and the volume has the room for it...

lvextend -L +50G /dev/vg0/vservers

If you want to set the space to a new larger size...

lvextend -L 10G /dev/vg0/vservers

Start LVM during Boot

We want lvm to init the logical volumes during boot. There is a boot service named lvm to do this. If your volumes are on raid, make sure that /etc/init.d/lvm is started after mdadm-raid.

rc-update add lvm

Or, on Alpine Linux 1.8 or earlier:

rc_add -s 12 -k lvm

Setting up swap

Now we have our devices in /dev/vg0 and can use them as normal disk paritions. To set up swap:

mkswap /dev/vg0/swap

Add the following line to your /etc/fstab:

/dev/vg0/swap   none            swap     sw    0 0


Setting up /vservers partition

Finally we want to set up an XFS partition for /vservers.

Install xfsprogs.

apk_add xfsprogs

Create filesystem on /dev/vg0/vservers.

mkfs.xfs /dev/vg0/vservers

Add the mount information to your /etc/fstab: NOTE:tagxid may cause this not to mount. Try this by hand and check dmesg to see if there are any errors

/dev/vg0/vservers /vservers     xfs     noatime,tagxid 0 0

Note that the tagxid option is specific for setting up vserver disk limits so it might be you don't want it. The noatime option is to increase performance but you will no longer know when files were accessed last time.

Starting localmount and swap

Now we can start the localmount boot service to mount our partition.

/etc/init.d/localmount start

Make sure we run localmount during boot too, and that it is done after lvm.

rc-update add localmount

Or, on Alpine Linux 1.8 or earlier:

rc_add -s 14 -k localmount


Start the swap service and make sure it starts during next reboot and that it starts after lvm.

/etc/init.d/swap start
rc-update add swap

Or, on Alpine Linux 1.8 or earlier:

/etc/init.d/swap start
rc_add -s 14 -k swap


More Info on LVM

For more information, have a look at the common tasks section in the LVM Howto.