Requirements

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This page will tell you what requirements you will need to use the Alpine Linux operating system.

  1. Hardware requirements
    • Architectures
    • Memory
    • Storage
    • Peripherals
  1. Software requirements
    • Media
    • Booting
    • Storage
    • Firmware

By example for server gui less any are enough and will run, but more powered task like web browsing will need recent hardware, as of minimum 2012 year.

Hardware

For installation and usage take in consideration Alpine can run in several devices, from the popular PC machine also including video consoles, yo must check:

    • Architectures
    • Memory
    • Storage
    • Peripherals

Architectures

Means kind of computer, The most popular is the misnamed "intel IBM PC" or "i386" which is actually in fact the x86 or x64, there are other computers supporteds that are not "x86" like mainframes also servers, as embebed devices.. inclusivelly routers like Sonicwall and Cisco ones. Here are the supported:

Supported Arch Supported since Meaning of installation and target architecture
x86_64 all The popular AMD64 compatible 64-bit x86 based machines, i386 is not recommended for newer/latest hardware.
x86 all The all popular 32 bit intel (i386 pc 32bit) and x86_64 (i686 pc 64bit and amd64)compatible (both)
ppc64le v3.6 For the PowerPC devices with pure little-endian mode, mostly for POWER8 and POWER9
armhf v3.0 The newer ARM hard-float for newer, more powerful 32-bit devices alongside 64-bit. Including video consoles!
armv7 v3.9 The 32-bit ARM only execution state of the ARMv7 devices machines. Including video consoles!
aarch64 v3.5 The 64-bit ARM only execution state of the ARMv8 device machines.
ppc64le v3.6 for 64-bit big-endian PowerPC and Power ISA processors like some MAC computers.
s390x v3.6 For the Super powered IBM mainframes, especially IBM Z and IBM LinuxONE servers.

Memory

Means minimum amount of RAM memory. Need of RAM it depends of the meaning of the installation, any hardware are supported and there is minimum sizes for:

Target Arch Minimum RAM to start Minimum RAM to install Minimum RAM for GUI
x86_64 512 Megs 512 Megs 2 Gigs
x86_32 128 Megs 256 Megs 1 Gigs
ppc64le 128 Megs 256 Megs 2 Gigs
armhf 256 Megs 512 Megs 2 Gigs
armv7 256 Megs 512 Megs 2 Gigs
aarch64 256 Megs 512 Megs 2 Gigs
ppc64le 256 Megs 512 Megs 2 Gigs
s390x 128 Megs 256 Megs 2 Gigs

Storage

Means any external or internal storage device that can be added after or before install to use by the Alpine Linux system. Currently depends of the current linux kernel supported.

All the PATA and SATA hard disk drives are supported, also any USB or SD card that can be detected by USB BUS by the linux kernel subsystem during install.

Peripherals

Means any external or internal device that can be added after or before install to detectd by the Alpine Linux system. Currently depends of the current linux kernel supported.

ISA devices are not supported since 3.8 because kernel drops support.

Software requirements

    • Media
    • Booting
    • Storage
    • Firmware

Media

Means the files need for dump the install media, and later boot from the target install machine, of course downloaded from http://dl-cdn.alpinelinux.org/alpine/latest-stable/releases/ or main Download page.

Available for ISO (for USB, CD/DVD) IMG (for Netboot) TAR (for ROOTFS, in tar.gz)
x86_64 YES YES none
x86 YES YES none
ppc64le NO YES YES
armhf NO YES YES
armv7 NO YES YES
aarch64 YES YES YES
ppc64le YES YES none
s390x YES YES none

Booting

Means support for kind of BIOS setup of machine, and where can be media downloaded will be boot, please for more info check Alpine and UEFI wiki page.

Supported Arch Supported bios Supported types Media boot recomended
x86_64 Coreboot, Vendor/OEM BIOS, UEFI USB, CD/DVD (ISO)
x86 Coreboot, Vendor/OEM BIOS, UEFI USB, CD/DVD (ISO)
ppc64le Coreboot, Vendor/OEM BIOS, UEFI USB, CD/DVD (ISO)
armhf Uboot, Vendor/OEM BIOS, UEFI NET, MINIROOTFS (TAR.GZ)
armv7 Uboot, Vendor/OEM BIOS, UEFI NET, MINIROOTFS (TAR.GZ)
aarch64 ?Coreboot?, Vendor/OEM BIOS, ?UEFI? USB, CD/DVD (ISO)
ppc64le ?Coreboot?, Vendor/OEM BIOS, ?UEFI? NET, MINIROOTFS (TAR.GZ)
s390x Vendor/OEM BIOS, ?UEFI? USB, CD/DVD

See Also

  1. Installation
  2. Alpine_newbie Install section