Nextcloud

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This is just a fork of OwnCloud AL wiki page. Do not follow these instructions until this notice is removed
(Last edited by Larena on 25 Jul 2016.)

Next is WedDAV-based solution for storing and sharing on-line your data, files, images, video, music, calendars and contacts. Nextcloud is a fork of ownCloud with enterprise features included.

Installation

nextcloud is available from Alpine 3.5 (currently edge) and greater.

Before you start installing anything, make sure you have latest packages available. Make sure you are using a 'http' repository in your /etc/apk/repositories and then run:

apk update

Tip: Detailed information is found in this doc.

Database

First you have to decide which database to use. Follow one of the below database alternatives.

sqlite

All you need to do is to install the package

apk add nextcloud-sqlite

postgresql

Install the package

apk add nextcloud-pgsql

Next thing is to configure and start the database

/etc/init.d/postgresql setup /etc/init.d/postgresql start

Next you need to create a user, and temporary grant CREATEDB privilege.

psql -U postgres CREATE USER mycloud WITH PASSWORD 'test123'; ALTER ROLE mycloud CREATEDB; \q

Note: Replace the above username 'mycloud' and password 'test123' to something secure. Remember these settings, you will need them later when setting up nextcloud.

mysql

Install the package

apk add nextcloud-mysql mysql-client

Now configure and start mysql

/etc/init.d/mysql setup /etc/init.d/mysql start /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

Follow the wizard to setup passwords etc.

Note: Remember the usernames/passwords that you set using the wizard, you will need them later.

Next you need to create a user, database and set permissions.

mysql -u root -p CREATE DATABASE nextcloud; GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* TO 'mycloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'test123'; GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* TO 'mycloud'@'localhost.localdomain' IDENTIFIED BY 'test123'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT

Note: Replace the above username 'mycloud' and password 'test123' to something secure. Remember these settings, you will need them later when setting up nextcloud.

mysql-client is not needed anymore. Let's uninstall it:

apk del mysql-client

Webserver

Next thing is to choose, install and configure a webserver. In this example we will install nginx or lighttpd. Nginx is preferred over Lighttpd since the latter when working with large files will consume a lot of memory (see lighty bug #1283). You are free to install any other webserver of your choice as long as it supports PHP and FastCGI. We're not explaining how to generate an SSL certificate for your webserver.

Nginx

Install the needed packages

apk add nginx php-fpm

Remove/comment any section like this in

Contents of /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

server { listen ... }

Include the following directive in

Contents of /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

http { ... include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*; ...

Create a directory for your websites

mkdir /etc/nginx/sites-available

Create a configuration file for your site in /etc/nginx/sites-available/mysite.mydomain.com

server {
        #listen       [::]:80; #uncomment for IPv6 support
        listen       80;
	return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
	server_name mysite.mydomain.com;
}

server {
        #listen       [::]:443 ssl; #uncomment for IPv6 support
        listen       443 ssl;
        server_name  mysite.mydomain.com;

	root /var/www/vhosts/mysite.mydomain.com/www;
        index  index.php index.html index.htm;
	disable_symlinks off;

        ssl_certificate      /etc/ssl/cert.pem;
        ssl_certificate_key  /etc/ssl/key.pem;

        ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
        ssl_session_timeout  5m;

        #Enable Perfect Forward Secrecy and ciphers without known vulnerabilities
        #Beware! It breaks compatibility with older OS and browsers (e.g. Windows XP, Android 2.x, etc.)
	#ssl_ciphers ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA;
        #ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;


        location / {
            try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
        }

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
                fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
                if (!-f $document_root$fastcgi_script_name) {
                        return 404;
                }
                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
		#fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/socket;
                fastcgi_index index.php;
                include fastcgi.conf;
	}
}

If you are running-from-RAM and you're dealing with large files you might need to move the FastCGI temp file from /tmp to /var/tmp or to a directory that is mounted on hdd

fastcgi_temp_path /var/tmp/nginx/fastcgi 1 2;

Large files upload takes sometime to be processed by php-fpm. So you need to bump the Nginx read default timeout:

fastcgi_read_timeout 300s;

Set user and group for php-fpm in /etc/php/php-fpm.conf

...
user = nginx
group = www-data
...
Note: If you are serving serveral users make sure to tune the *children settings in /etc/php/php-fpm.conf

Make nginx user member of www-data group

addgroup nginx www-data

Enable your website

ln -s ../sites-available/mysite.mydomain.com /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/mysite.mydomain.com

Start services

rc-service php-fpm start rc-service nginx start

Lighttpd

Install the package

apk add lighttpd php-cgi

Make sure you have FastCGI enabled in lighttpd:

Contents of /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

... include "mod_fastcgi.conf" ...

Start up the webserver

/etc/init.d/lighttpd start

Tip: You might want to follow the Lighttpd_Https_access doc in order to configure lighttpd to use https (securing your connections to your nextcloud server).

Link nextcloud installation to web server directory:

ln -s /usr/share/webapps/nextcloud /var/www/localhost/htdocs

Other settings

Hardening

Consider updating the variable url.access-deny in /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf for additional security. Add "config.php" to the variable (that's where the database is stored) so it looks something like this:

Contents of /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

... url.access-deny = ("~", ".inc", "config.php") ...

Restart lighttpd to activate the changes

/etc/init.d/lighttpd restart

Additional packages

Some large apps, such as texteditor, documents and videoviewer are in separate package:

apk add nextcloud-texteditor nextcloud-documents nextcloud-videoviewer

Configure and use nextcloud

Configure

Point your browser at https://mysite.mydomain.com and follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation, supplying the database user and password created before.

Hardening postgresql

If you have chosen PGSQL backend, revoke CREATEDB privilege from 'mycloud' user:

psql -U postgres ALTER ROLE mycloud NOCREATEDB; \q

Increase upload size

Default configuration for php is limited to 2Mb file size. You might want to increase that size by editing the /etc/php/php.ini and change the following values to something that suits you:

upload_max_filesize = 2M
post_max_size = 8M

Clients

There are clients available for many platforms, Android included: