MariaDB is a community-developed fork of the MySQL relational database management system intended to remain free under the GNU GPL. It is notable for being led by the original developers of MySQL, who forked it due to concerns over its acquisition by Oracle.
Alpine Linux has dummy counterparts packages for those that are not close to that change from mysql to mariadb naming packages.
Take in consideration that the user
mysql was created during instalation of packages, in the initialization section two users will be created in database init:
mysql, and in that point only if are in their respective system accounts, will be able to connect to the database service.
apk add mysql mysql-client
That will install the most used ones..
mariadb-server, rest of packages are brief described here for more information:
|MySQL name package||Since Alpine:||Brief usage||Related package|
|mysql||v2||it's a dummy package to easy install of mariadb||mariadb|
|mysql-client||v2||it's a dummy package to easy install of commands tools||mariadb-client|
|mariadb||v2||server equivalent to mysql-server||mariadb-common|
|mariadb-client||v2||connection command line and tools||mariadb-common|
|mariadb-doc||v3.0||manpages are there!||man man-pages|
|mariadb-connector-c||v3.8||coding connection on C sources||mariadb-connector-c-dev|
|mariadb-connector-odbc||edge||coding or making OS level connections||.|
|mariadb-backup||v3.8||to external backup devices, not widely used, in past was inside mariadb package||.|
|mariadb-server-utils||v3.8||server commands not widely used, in past was inside mariadb package||.|
|mariadb-dev||v3.1||Need for compilations depends on source code||.|
|mariadb-test||v3.3||testing suite from MariaDB tools||.|
|mariadb-mytop||v3.9||data performance monitoring||.|
|mariadb-plugin-rocksdb||v3.9||plain key-value event relational for data||.|
|mariadb-server-utils||v3.8||to reduce main server package, not widely used commands||.|
|mariadb-static||v3.8||static libs for static non depends linking in builds||.|
|mariadb-embedded||v3.9||the libmysqld identical interface as the C client||mariadb-embedded-dev|
|mariadb-embedded-dev||v3.9||use the normal mysql.h and link with libmysqld instead of libmysqlclient||mariadb-dev|
|mariadb-openrc||v3.8||separate scripts, in past was embebed on server package||.|
The alpine package of MySQL/MariaDB are like normal tarball of MySQL one, admins must be know what they want.. there's no automatic window-like here,
- Initialize the main mysql database, and the data dir as standardized to
/var/lib/mysqlby the rc script
- Then initialize the service, root account and socket connection are enabled without password at this point
- Setup the root account by asignes a proper password, this are purely paranoid. due next step already do that!
- Setup and init the installation by running the
- Setup permissions for manage others users and databases
mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/var/lib/mysql rc-service mariadb start mysqladmin -u root password toor mysql_secure_installation