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#REDIRECT [[Xfce]]


[[file:XFCEScreenshot.png |thumb |Xfce screenshot.]]
Moved to https://wiki.alpinelinux.org/wiki/Xfce


== Prerequisites ==
{{Delete|Article title is asinine}}
 
* [[Installation|Alpine Installation]]
* [[Setting_up_a_new_user#Creating_a_new_user|Create user accounts]]
* [[Alpine_setup_scripts#setup-xorg-base|Graphical base environment]]
* [[Enable_Community_Repository#Using_community_repositories|Enabled "community" repository]]
 
== Basic Xfce desktop installation ==
 
Packages to install:
{{Cmd|# apk add xfce4 xfce4-terminal xfce4-screensaver lightdm-gtk-greeter }}
 
{{Note|If Xfce should only be started from the command line, without a graphical login, the installation of the display manager can be omitted.
For this, leave out the package <code>lightdm-gtk-greeter</code>, but instead add <code>adwaita-gtk2-theme adwaita-icon-theme</code>.
}}
 
Starting dbus (desktop bus) service:
{{Cmd|# rc-service dbus start}}
 
Enabling dbus to start on boot:
{{Cmd|# rc-update add dbus}}
 
If dbus is not running it leads to issues like missing icons and keyboard shortcuts.
 
 
== Starting Xfce ==
 
=== With a display manager (graphical login) ===
 
If the package <code>lightdm-gtk-greeter</code> has been installed above, the lightdm display manager may be started to log in graphically with your new user.
{{Cmd|# rc-service lightdm start}}
 
Once you have verified that it actually works, lightdm can be enabled to start up during boot:
{{Cmd|# rc-update add lightdm}}
 
 
=== From the command line ===
 
From a console, Xfce may be started with:
{{cmd|startx}}
 
But when it should get started via another script or mechanism like <code>xinit</code>, then use <code>startxfce4</code>. For example, calling it with "exec startxfce4" at the end of the ~/.xinitrc configuration file.
 
 
 
 
== Allowing shut down and reboot ==
 
In order to allow the users to shut down the machine or reboot, the packages {{Pkg|elogind}} and {{Pkg|polkit-elogind}} need to be installed.
 
{{Cmd|# apk add elogind polkit-elogind}}
 
And the display manager needs to be restarted.
{{Cmd|# rc-service lightdm restart}}
 
== Network browsing ==
 
For browsing of network shares within XFCE that works seamlessly with file associations, you can install gvfs-fuse and the gvfs packages for the network protocols you use.  For instance, for SMB:
{{Cmd|# apk add gvfs-fuse gvfs-smb}}
 
(Check: It may be sufficient for GVfs to initiate the fuse kernel module?)
 
The OpenRC script for fuse is in a separate package.
{{Cmd|# apk add fuse-openrc}}
 
Then the fuse service can be started manually.
{{Cmd|# rc-service fuse start}}
(The XFCE sessions already in progress need to be restarted for this to take effect, i.e. log out and log in again.)
 
If it works, the fuse service can be added to start up automatically at boot time:
{{Cmd|# rc-update add fuse}}
 
== Auto-mounting USB drives ==
 
To enable automatic mounting of USB drives, install these packages:
{{Cmd|# apk add thunar-volman udisks2}}
Depending on what USB devices you intend to mount, some additional packages may be have to be added to the above:
{{Cmd|ntfs-3g:  NTFS support
gvfs-mtp: media players and mobile devices that use MTP
gvfs-gphoto2: digital cameras and mobile devices that use PTP
gvfs-afc: Apple mobile devices}}
 
 
Also, make sure that mounting is enabled in
Thunar>Edit>Preferences>Advanced>Volume Management>Configure>Storage>Removable Storage
 
 
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
=== Startup ===
 
If the Xorg server segfaults in kvm/qemu then add ''nomodeset'' as a boot option when booting up.
 
 
If the mouse / keyboard is not responding, you can try to disable hotplug.
 
  Section "ServerFlags"
    Option "AutoAddDevices" "False"
  EndSection
 
 
If the mouse / keyboard is not responding, you can try to disable hotplug.
 
  Section "ServerFlags"
    Option "AutoAddDevices" "False"
  EndSection
 
 
=== Login ===
 
If you are unable to login, check /var/log/lightdm/lightdm.log, there may be output there from X to indicate failed modules, etc.
 
If you are unable to login, or you see an error "Failed to execute login command", you should check ~/.xinitrc (if you're using .xinitrc) with your preferred text editor (vi, nano, etc) and ensure that it is set to load xfce. To do this, the 'exec' line (usually the last line in the file) should read "exec startxfce4". If ~/.xinitrc does not exist, create it and add the exec line. this command will do it:
 
{{Cmd|$ echo "exec startxfce4" >> ~/.xinitrc}}
 
=== Session ===
 
 
If you login to xfce once, logout, and then login again, and your panel and windows disappear or start flickering, this is because xfce is writing a default config file with the compositor enabled, but does not enable it during your first login.  Clear out the ~/.config/xfce directory, and login as "first time" again, as the default vblank setting for the compositor is likely incorrect.  Open the windows manager tweaks and dconf editor (or use dconf-query) before you log out.  Tick the compositor to off in the window manager tweaks ui.  If you have a recent enough xfce (4.14) there is a ui in window manager tweaks to set syncing mode, and you can try different values, such as vblank, xpresent, and glx, while turning the compositor on and off, until you find one that works.  Or, from dconf editor, you can set xfwm4 /general/vblank_mode, which you will find is set to "auto" by default, and then turn the compositor on again.  This can also be accomplished from the command line using using:
 
{{cmd|xfconf-query -c xfwm4 -p /general/vblank_mode -s mode}} where mode is vblank, glx or xpresent. 
 
You have to use xfconf-query from within the xfce terminal session, or at least with the xfce settings daemon started.
 
== Related ==
 
* Some possible customizations: [[Desktop-notes]]
* [[Xfce_Desktop]] packaging ideas
 
* [http://troglobit.com/2017/09/10/install-x-window-in-alpine-linux/ Install X-Window in Alpine Linux] Joachim Nilsson 2017
 
[[Category:Xfce]]

Latest revision as of 09:05, 9 February 2022

Redirect to:

Moved to https://wiki.alpinelinux.org/wiki/Xfce

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