Difference between revisions of "MATE"

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{{Draft}}
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== Setup Xorg ==
 +
Use Alpine's setup script:
 +
{{cmd|# setup-xorg-base}}
 +
 
 +
Add any additional video drivers necessary:
 +
{{cmd|# apk add xf86-video-ati}}
 +
 
 +
Add additional input drivers (if necessary)
 +
{{cmd|# apk add xf86-input-synaptics}}
 +
 
 +
== Enable Community Repository ==
 +
 
 +
Mate is available in the Community repository. Uncomment {{codeline|http://<url>/alpine/<version>/community}} in {{path|/etc/apk/repositories}}. For example:
 +
{{cat|/etc/apk/repositories|<nowiki># /etc/apk/repositories
 +
 
 +
#/media/sdb/apks
 +
http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/alpine/v3.11/main
 +
http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/alpine/v3.11/community
 +
#http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/alpine/v3.11/testing
 +
</nowiki>
 +
}}
  
 
== Install MATE Desktop ==
 
== Install MATE Desktop ==
 +
<!-- EDIT: Is it preferred to recommend users to install all available video drivers? Also, is using some bash piping and greping the most clear way to explain how to install these, and would this possibly break in future versions? --~~~~
 +
The next commands are used to install all available video drivers and setup Xorg server:
  
For while MATE Desktop packages are in Edge, then we'll need to add its repository to our list. To do so, issue the following command:
+
videodrivers=$(apk search --quiet --exact xf86-video* | grep -v -- '\-doc$')
{{Cmd|echo http://nl.alpinelinux.org/alpine/edge/main >> /etc/apk/repositories
 
apk update}}
 
 
 
The next commands are used to install all avaliable video drivers and setup Xorg server:
 
<pre>
 
videodrivers=$(apk search --quiet --exact xf86-video* | grep -v -- '-doc$')
 
 
setup-xorg-base $videodrivers
 
setup-xorg-base $videodrivers
</pre>
 
Now let us install a bunch of needed packages what includes all MATE Desktop packages avaliable in our Edge repository:
 
  
<pre>
+
-->
apk add desktop-file-utils gtk-engines consolekit gtk-murrine-engine caja caja-extensions marco dbus lxdm udev hicolor-icon-theme
+
<!-- This is obsolete: There is a meta package mate-desktop-environment
mate_pkgs=$(apk search mate -q | grep -v '\-dev' | grep -v '\-lang' | grep -v '\-doc')
+
Add extra necessary packages. The following command will add all components of the MATE Desktop except for the {{Pkg|*-dev}}, {{Pkg|*-lang}}, and {{Pkg|*-doc}} packages. If you would like man pages added, omit {{Path|&#124; grep -v '\-doc'}}
apk add $mate_pkgs
 
</pre>
 
  
In the next step we add some services to start up with the operating system:
+
{{Cmd|<nowiki># apk add desktop-file-utils gtk-engines consolekit gtk-murrine-engine caja caja-extensions marco dbus dbus-x11 lxdm udev hicolor-icon-theme sudo
{{Cmd|rc-update add lxdm
+
# mate_pkgs=$(apk search mate -q &#124; grep -v '\-dev' &#124; grep -v '\-lang' &#124; grep -v '\-doc')
rc-update add dbus
+
# apk add $mate_pkgs</nowiki>
rc-update add udev}}
+
}}
 +
-->
 +
{{Cmd|<nowiki># apk add mate-desktop-environment dbus dbus-x11 lxdm udev adwaita-icon-theme faenza-icon-theme sudo
 +
# gvfs_pkgs=$(apk search gvfs -q &#124; grep -v '\-dev' &#124; grep -v '\-lang' &#124; grep -v '\-doc')
 +
# apk add $gvfs_pkgs</nowiki>
 +
}}
  
If you do not have a user other than root, it is time to do so. I am going to create a user called "monitor":
+
Create a regular user:
{{Cmd|adduser -h /home/monitor -g "Monitor User" monitor}}
+
{{Cmd|# adduser -h /home/<user> -g "Full User Name" <user>}}
  
 +
<!--
 
We will start D-Bus before other services in order to fix D-Bus configuration file (replace the hard coded 'system_bus_socket' path):
 
We will start D-Bus before other services in order to fix D-Bus configuration file (replace the hard coded 'system_bus_socket' path):
 
Starting D-Bus:
 
Starting D-Bus:
{{Cmd|rc-service dbus start}}
+
{{Cmd|# rc-service dbus start}}
  
 +
 +
EDIT: No longer necessary as of at least 3.8
 
Fixing the  D-Bus configuration file:
 
Fixing the  D-Bus configuration file:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
Line 38: Line 58:
 
sed -i 's/\/var\/run\/dbus\/system_bus_socket/'$dbus_sock_path'/' /etc/dbus-1/system.conf
 
sed -i 's/\/var\/run\/dbus\/system_bus_socket/'$dbus_sock_path'/' /etc/dbus-1/system.conf
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
-->
 +
<!--What is going on here??-->
 +
{{Cmd|<nowiki># apk del mate-screensaver
 +
# ln -s /usr/etc/xdg/menus/ /etc/xdg/menus
 +
# apk add mate-screensaver</nowiki>}}
 +
 +
Add all available True Type Fonts:
 +
{{Cmd|<nowiki>$ ttfs=$(apk search -q ttf- &#124; grep -v '\-doc')
 +
# apk add $ttfs</nowiki>
 +
}}
 +
 +
If you are running your Alpine from RAM, save the changes:
 +
{{Cmd|# lbu ci}}
 +
 +
Enable services to start on reboot
 +
{{Cmd|<nowiki># rc-update add lxdm
 +
# rc-update add dbus
 +
# rc-update add udev</nowiki>}}
 +
 +
And finally, start the dbus, udev, and lxdm. This will start the display manager and allow you to login.
 +
{{Cmd|<nowiki># rc-service dbus start
 +
# rc-service udev start
 +
# rc-service lxdm start</nowiki>}}
 +
 +
<!--It just so happens that the preceding sequence of steps makes an apparently broken Xfce4 install work properly as well.-->
 +
 +
== Misc ==
 +
=== Disabling standby and screensaver ===
 +
Check the current configuration using xset:
 +
 +
{{Cmd|$ sudo apk add xset
 +
$ xset q}}
 +
 +
 +
{{cat|xset q|
 +
Keyboard Control:
 +
  auto repeat:  on    key click percent:  0    LED mask:  00000000
 +
  XKB indicators:
 +
    00: Caps Lock:  off    01: Num Lock:    off    02: Scroll Lock: off
 +
    03: Compose:    off    04: Kana:        off    05: Sleep:      off
 +
    06: Suspend:    off    07: Mute:        off    08: Misc:        off
 +
    09: Mail:        off    10: Charging:    off    11: Shift Lock:  off
 +
    12: Group 2:    off    13: Mouse Keys:  off
 +
  auto repeat delay:  500    repeat rate:  20
 +
  auto repeating keys:  00ffffffdffffbbf
 +
                        fadfffefffedffff
 +
                        9fffffffffffffff
 +
                        fff7ffffffffffff
 +
  bell percent:  0    bell pitch:  400    bell duration:  100
 +
Pointer Control:
 +
  acceleration:  2/1    threshold:  4
 +
Screen Saver:
 +
  prefer blanking:  yes    allow exposures:  yes
 +
  timeout:  600    cycle:  0
 +
Colors:
 +
  default colormap:  0x22    BlackPixel:  0x0    WhitePixel:  0xffffff
 +
Font Path:
 +
  /usr/share/fonts/misc,/usr/share/fonts/100dpi:unscaled,/usr/share/fonts/75dpi:unscaled,/usr/share/fonts/misc,/usr/share/fonts/100dpi:unscaled,/usr/share/fonts/75dpi:unscaled,built-ins
 +
DPMS (Energy Star):
 +
  Standby: 600    Suspend: 0    Off: 900
 +
  DPMS is Enabled
 +
  Monitor is On
 +
}}
 +
 +
  
Adding avaliables True Type Fonts:
+
To disable those timers issue the command:
<pre>
+
{{Cmd|$ xset dpms 0 0 0}}
ttfs=$(apk search -q ttf- | grep -v '\-doc')
 
apk add $ttfs
 
</pre>
 
  
<pre>
+
Santiy check:
ln -s /usr/lib/libfreetype.so.6.11.3 /usr/lib/libfreetype.so.6
 
apk fix
 
</pre>
 
  
If you are running your Alpine from RAM, save the changes:
+
{{Cmd|$ xset q &#124; grep Standby
{{Cmd|lbu ci}}
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  Standby: 0    Suspend: 0    Off: 0}}
  
And finally, let us start the lxdm service and log in to our MATE Desktop
+
[[Category:Desktop]]
{{Cmd|rc-service udev start
 
rc-service lxdm start}}
 

Latest revision as of 15:54, 30 April 2020

Setup Xorg

Use Alpine's setup script:

# setup-xorg-base

Add any additional video drivers necessary:

# apk add xf86-video-ati

Add additional input drivers (if necessary)

# apk add xf86-input-synaptics

Enable Community Repository

Mate is available in the Community repository. Uncomment http://<url>/alpine/<version>/community in /etc/apk/repositories. For example:

Contents of /etc/apk/repositories

# /etc/apk/repositories #/media/sdb/apks http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/alpine/v3.11/main http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/alpine/v3.11/community #http://mirror.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/alpine/v3.11/testing

Install MATE Desktop

# apk add mate-desktop-environment dbus dbus-x11 lxdm udev adwaita-icon-theme faenza-icon-theme sudo # gvfs_pkgs=$(apk search gvfs -q | grep -v '\-dev' | grep -v '\-lang' | grep -v '\-doc') # apk add $gvfs_pkgs

Create a regular user:

# adduser -h /home/<user> -g "Full User Name" <user>

# apk del mate-screensaver # ln -s /usr/etc/xdg/menus/ /etc/xdg/menus # apk add mate-screensaver

Add all available True Type Fonts:

$ ttfs=$(apk search -q ttf- | grep -v '\-doc') # apk add $ttfs

If you are running your Alpine from RAM, save the changes:

# lbu ci

Enable services to start on reboot

# rc-update add lxdm # rc-update add dbus # rc-update add udev

And finally, start the dbus, udev, and lxdm. This will start the display manager and allow you to login.

# rc-service dbus start # rc-service udev start # rc-service lxdm start


Misc

Disabling standby and screensaver

Check the current configuration using xset:

$ sudo apk add xset $ xset q


Contents of xset q

Keyboard Control: auto repeat: on key click percent: 0 LED mask: 00000000 XKB indicators: 00: Caps Lock: off 01: Num Lock: off 02: Scroll Lock: off 03: Compose: off 04: Kana: off 05: Sleep: off 06: Suspend: off 07: Mute: off 08: Misc: off 09: Mail: off 10: Charging: off 11: Shift Lock: off 12: Group 2: off 13: Mouse Keys: off auto repeat delay: 500 repeat rate: 20 auto repeating keys: 00ffffffdffffbbf fadfffefffedffff 9fffffffffffffff fff7ffffffffffff bell percent: 0 bell pitch: 400 bell duration: 100 Pointer Control: acceleration: 2/1 threshold: 4 Screen Saver: prefer blanking: yes allow exposures: yes timeout: 600 cycle: 0 Colors: default colormap: 0x22 BlackPixel: 0x0 WhitePixel: 0xffffff Font Path: /usr/share/fonts/misc,/usr/share/fonts/100dpi:unscaled,/usr/share/fonts/75dpi:unscaled,/usr/share/fonts/misc,/usr/share/fonts/100dpi:unscaled,/usr/share/fonts/75dpi:unscaled,built-ins DPMS (Energy Star): Standby: 600 Suspend: 0 Off: 900 DPMS is Enabled Monitor is On


To disable those timers issue the command:

$ xset dpms 0 0 0

Santiy check:

$ xset q | grep Standby Standby: 0 Suspend: 0 Off: 0