Difference between revisions of "Create Alpine Linux PV DomU"

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(Update menu.lst to grub.cfg)
 
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To create an Alpine Linux PV DomU you will need a Dom0 and an Alpine Linux iso, here we will use the "mini" iso.
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== Obtain a copy of Alpine Linux ==
  
== Copy the kernel ==
+
To create an Alpine Linux paravirtualized (PV) DomU you will need an Alpine Linux iso.
The first step it to mount the image and extract the kernel and initramfs:
 
  
<pre>
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Download the latest alpine-virt iso from https://alpinelinux.org/downloads/
# mkdir -p /mnt/alpine_iso
+
 
# mount -o loop /path/to/the/iso /mnt/alpine_iso
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In this example we will use {{path|/data/}} for our download and for our disk images.
# cp /mnt/alpine_iso/boot/grsec /path/to/save/kernel/
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# cp /mnt/alpine_iso/boot/grsec.gz /path/to/save/kernel/
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==Mount the ISO image ==
# umount /mnt/alpine_iso
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# rmdir /mnt/alpine_iso
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Next, mount the iso so we can read the kernel and initramfs:
</pre>
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 +
{{cmd | mount -t iso9660 -o loop /data/alpine-virt-{{AlpineLatest}}-x86_64.iso /media/cdrom }}
 +
 
 +
Now we have the kernel in {{path|/media/cdrom/boot/vmlinuz-virt}} and initramfs in {{path|/media/cdrom/boot/initramfs-virt}}.
  
Now we have the kernel at /path/to/save/kernel/grsec and the initramfs at /path/to/save/kernel/grsec.gz.
+
Alternatively you can use {{path|uniso}} or {{path|p7zip}} to extract the content to a temp area.
  
 
== Create the disk image ==
 
== Create the disk image ==
Now we should create an empty file, that will be the hard drive of the DomU, you can also use a physical partition if you like (in this example we are using a 3GB disk):
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Now we should create an empty file, that will be the hard drive of the DomU (in this example we are using a 3GB disk):
 +
 
 +
{{cmd | <nowiki>dd if=/dev/zero of=/data/a1.img bs=1M count=3000</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
Alternatively, if a LVM volume group (vg1 say) with free space is available on dom0, create a logical volume for alpine:
  
<pre>
+
{{cmd | <nowiki>sudo lvcreate -n alpine -L 10g vg1</nowiki>}}
# dd if=/dev/zero of=/path/to/disk.img bs=1M count=3000
 
</pre>
 
  
== Configure for booting ISO image ==
+
== Create a DomU config file that boots the ISO image ==
The next step is to create a basic configuration file, so we can launch the DomU (save it where you like, although the most common place is /etc/xen/).
+
The next step is to create a basic DomU configuration file, so we can launch the pv guest iso (save it where you like, although the most common place is {{path|/etc/xen/}}).
  
<pre>
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{{cat | /etc/xen/a1.cfg | <nowiki># Alpine Linux PV DomU
# Alpine Linux PV DomU
 
  
 
# Kernel paths for install
 
# Kernel paths for install
kernel = "/path/to/save/kernel/grsec"
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kernel = "/media/cdrom/boot/vmlinuz-virt"
ramdisk = "/path/to/save/kernel/grsec.gz"
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ramdisk = "/media/cdrom/boot/initramfs-virt"
extra="alpine_dev=xvdc:iso9660 modules=loop,squashfs,sd-mod,usb-storage modloop=/boot/grsec.modloop.squashfs console=hvc0"
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extra="modules=loop,squashfs console=hvc0"
  
 
# Path to HDD and iso file
 
# Path to HDD and iso file
 
disk = [
 
disk = [
         'file:/path/to/disk.img,xvda,w',
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         'format=raw, vdev=xvda, access=w, target=/data/a1.img',
         'file:/path/to/the/iso,xvdc:cdrom,r'
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         'format=raw, vdev=xvdc, access=r, devtype=cdrom, target=/data/alpine-virt-</nowiki>{{AlpineLatest}}<nowiki>-x86_64.iso'
        ]
+
      ]
  
 
# Network configuration
 
# Network configuration
Line 43: Line 46:
  
 
# DomU settings
 
# DomU settings
memory = 128
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memory = 512
name = "alpine"
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name = "alpine-a1"
 
vcpus = 1
 
vcpus = 1
</pre>
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maxvcpus = 1
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
If using LVM, replace {{path|/data/a1.img}} with {{path|/dev/vg1/alpine}} in the disk specification.
  
 
== Install the guest ==
 
== Install the guest ==
 
Now that we have all the necessary files, we can start the DomU to proceed with the install:
 
Now that we have all the necessary files, we can start the DomU to proceed with the install:
  
<pre>
+
{{cmd|xl create -f /etc/xen/a1.cfg  -c}}
# xl create -c /path/to/conf
 
</pre>
 
  
Login into the system with user "root" and no password, and proceed with the normal install:
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Login into the system with user "root" and no password.
  
<pre>
+
After configuring the basic system, you will be asked where would you like to install Alpine, choose xvda and sys.
# setup-alpine
 
</pre>
 
  
After configuring the basic system, you will be asked where would you like to install Alpine, choose xvda and sys, as shown above:
+
This will create three partitions on your disk, xvda1 for /boot, xvda2 for swap and xvda3 for /
  
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
Line 79: Line 81:
  
 
Installation is complete. Please reboot.
 
Installation is complete. Please reboot.
 +
 +
#
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
== Adjust for booting from disk ==
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When you reboot, the pv bootloader, pvgrub, will look to /boot/grub/grub.cfg for its menu, so create that file first.  
As the installation suggests, halt the DomU machine and edit the config file, to remove the xvdc disk (iso image), and change to use pygrub. At the end it should look similar to this:
 
  
<pre>
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Mount the boot partition and create a {{path|grub/grub.cfg}} file for pvgrub. (Note that grub.cfg is for pvgrub2 which replaced pvgrub1 and its menu.lst beginning in 2013.)
# Alpine Linux PV DomU
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 +
{{cmd |<nowiki>mount /dev/xvda1 /mnt
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mkdir /mnt/grub</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
Install a basic text editor like nano or vim:<br/>
 +
{{cmd | apk add nano}}
 +
 
 +
If using nano, enter:<br/>
 +
{{cmd | nano /mnt/grub/grub.cfg}}
 +
 
 +
Then add the following to create a basic grub2 configuration file:
 +
{{cat | /mnt/grub/grub.cfg |<nowiki>menuentry 'alpine-xen' {
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    set root=(xen/xvda,msdos1)
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    linux /boot/vmlinuz-virt root=/dev/xvda3 modules=ext4
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    initrd /boot/initramfs
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}</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
Finally, Ctrl-S to save, Ctrl-X to exit nano.
 +
 
 +
Unmount and power off.
 +
{{cmd |umount /mnt
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poweroff}}
 +
 
 +
== Adjust the domU config file to boot from fresh install ==
 +
 
 +
In your Dom0, edit your DomU config file to boot with pvgrub.
 +
 
 +
{{cat | /etc/xen/a1.cfg |<nowiki># Alpine Linux PV DomU
  
bootloader = '/usr/bin/pygrub'
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kernel = "/usr/lib/xen/boot/pv-grub-x86_64.gz"
  
 
# Path to HDD and iso file
 
# Path to HDD and iso file
 
disk = [
 
disk = [
         'file:/path/to/disk.img,xvda,w',
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         'format=raw, vdev=xvda, access=w, target=/data/a1.img'
        ]
+
      ]
  
 
# Network configuration
 
# Network configuration
Line 98: Line 128:
  
 
# DomU settings
 
# DomU settings
memory = 128
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memory = 512
name = "alpine"
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name = "alpine-a1"
 
vcpus = 1
 
vcpus = 1
</pre>
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maxvcpus = 1
 +
</nowiki>}}
 +
 
 +
The name and location of pvgrub in Dom0 is distribution-specific, so you may need to change the "kernel=" line, above.
 +
 
 +
For example, in Debian 10, it's {{path|'/usr/lib/grub-xen/grub-x86_64-xen.bin'}}
 +
 
 +
Remember to unmount the loopback iso image.
 +
{{cmd | umount /media/cdrom}}
  
So now you are good to go, you can boot into your new Alpine Linux DomU:
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When you next boot, you will be presented with the grub boot menu, and your VM will boot.
  
<pre>
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== See also ==
# xl create -c /path/to/conf
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* [https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/setting-up-alpine-linux-370-domu-vm-xenserver-72-ali-poursamadi Setting up Alpine Linux 3.7.0 as a domU VM on XenServer 7.2]
</pre>
 
  
 
[[Category:Virtualization]]
 
[[Category:Virtualization]]

Latest revision as of 17:32, 8 June 2020

Obtain a copy of Alpine Linux

To create an Alpine Linux paravirtualized (PV) DomU you will need an Alpine Linux iso.

Download the latest alpine-virt iso from https://alpinelinux.org/downloads/

In this example we will use /data/ for our download and for our disk images.

Mount the ISO image

Next, mount the iso so we can read the kernel and initramfs:

mount -t iso9660 -o loop /data/alpine-virt-3.8.0-x86_64.iso /media/cdrom

Now we have the kernel in /media/cdrom/boot/vmlinuz-virt and initramfs in /media/cdrom/boot/initramfs-virt.

Alternatively you can use uniso or p7zip to extract the content to a temp area.

Create the disk image

Now we should create an empty file, that will be the hard drive of the DomU (in this example we are using a 3GB disk):

dd if=/dev/zero of=/data/a1.img bs=1M count=3000

Alternatively, if a LVM volume group (vg1 say) with free space is available on dom0, create a logical volume for alpine:

sudo lvcreate -n alpine -L 10g vg1

Create a DomU config file that boots the ISO image

The next step is to create a basic DomU configuration file, so we can launch the pv guest iso (save it where you like, although the most common place is /etc/xen/).

Contents of /etc/xen/a1.cfg

# Alpine Linux PV DomU # Kernel paths for install kernel = "/media/cdrom/boot/vmlinuz-virt" ramdisk = "/media/cdrom/boot/initramfs-virt" extra="modules=loop,squashfs console=hvc0" # Path to HDD and iso file disk = [ 'format=raw, vdev=xvda, access=w, target=/data/a1.img', 'format=raw, vdev=xvdc, access=r, devtype=cdrom, target=/data/alpine-virt-3.8.0-x86_64.iso' ] # Network configuration vif = ['bridge=br0'] # DomU settings memory = 512 name = "alpine-a1" vcpus = 1 maxvcpus = 1

If using LVM, replace /data/a1.img with /dev/vg1/alpine in the disk specification.

Install the guest

Now that we have all the necessary files, we can start the DomU to proceed with the install:

xl create -f /etc/xen/a1.cfg -c

Login into the system with user "root" and no password.

After configuring the basic system, you will be asked where would you like to install Alpine, choose xvda and sys.

This will create three partitions on your disk, xvda1 for /boot, xvda2 for swap and xvda3 for /

Available disks are:
  xvda	(3.1 GB  )
Which disk(s) would you like to use? (or '?' for help or 'none') [none] xvda
The following disk is selected:
  xvda	(3.1 GB  )
How would you like to use it? ('sys', 'data' or '?' for help) [?] sys
WARNING: The following disk(s) will be erased:
  xvda	(3.1 GB  )
WARNING: Erase the above disk(s) and continue? [y/N]: y
Initializing partitions on /dev/xvda...
Creating file systems...
Installing system on /dev/xvda3:


Installation is complete. Please reboot.

#

When you reboot, the pv bootloader, pvgrub, will look to /boot/grub/grub.cfg for its menu, so create that file first.

Mount the boot partition and create a grub/grub.cfg file for pvgrub. (Note that grub.cfg is for pvgrub2 which replaced pvgrub1 and its menu.lst beginning in 2013.)

mount /dev/xvda1 /mnt mkdir /mnt/grub

Install a basic text editor like nano or vim:

apk add nano

If using nano, enter:

nano /mnt/grub/grub.cfg

Then add the following to create a basic grub2 configuration file:

Contents of /mnt/grub/grub.cfg

menuentry 'alpine-xen' { set root=(xen/xvda,msdos1) linux /boot/vmlinuz-virt root=/dev/xvda3 modules=ext4 initrd /boot/initramfs }

Finally, Ctrl-S to save, Ctrl-X to exit nano.

Unmount and power off.

umount /mnt poweroff

Adjust the domU config file to boot from fresh install

In your Dom0, edit your DomU config file to boot with pvgrub.

Contents of /etc/xen/a1.cfg

# Alpine Linux PV DomU kernel = "/usr/lib/xen/boot/pv-grub-x86_64.gz" # Path to HDD and iso file disk = [ 'format=raw, vdev=xvda, access=w, target=/data/a1.img' ] # Network configuration vif = ['bridge=br0'] # DomU settings memory = 512 name = "alpine-a1" vcpus = 1 maxvcpus = 1

The name and location of pvgrub in Dom0 is distribution-specific, so you may need to change the "kernel=" line, above.

For example, in Debian 10, it's '/usr/lib/grub-xen/grub-x86_64-xen.bin'

Remember to unmount the loopback iso image.

umount /media/cdrom

When you next boot, you will be presented with the grub boot menu, and your VM will boot.

See also