Difference between revisions of "Configure a Wireguard interface (wg)"

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(Added info on how to make it work using a RAM disk)
(added wg-tools usage for wg-quick and basic setup)
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If <code>ifup wg0</code> fails silently, verify that the <code>bash</code> package is installed.
 
If <code>ifup wg0</code> fails silently, verify that the <code>bash</code> package is installed.
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== Bringing up an interface using wg-tools ==
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First we need to create a private and public key
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wg genkey | tee privatekey | wg pubkey > publickey
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Then we create a new config file <code>/etc/wireguard/wg0.conf</code>
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[Interface]
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Address = 10.123.0.1/24
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ListenPort = 45340
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PrivateKey = SG1nXk2+kAAKnMkL5aX3NSFPaGjf9SQI/wWwFj9l9U4= # the key from the previously generated privatekey file
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PostUp = iptables -A FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE;iptables -A FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT
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PostDown = iptables -D FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE;iptables -D FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT
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The PostUp and PostDown steps are there to ensure the interface wg0 will accept and forward traffic to eth0. The postrouting and forward to %i is not required but it will enable "VPN mode" where users can access the internet through this server if desired.
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To bring up the new interface we can just use <code>wg-quick up wg0</code> and to bring it down we can use <code>wg-quick down wg0</code> which will clean up the interface and remove the ip table rules
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== Running with modloop ==
 
== Running with modloop ==

Revision as of 08:38, 2 March 2020

Wireguard is a very promising VPN technology and available since Alpine 3.10 in the community repository.

apk add wireguard-lts (or wireguard-virt)

The official documents from wireguard will show examples of how to setup an interface with the use of wg-quick. In this howto we are not going to use this utility but are going to use plain wg command and busybox ifupdown.

apk add wireguard-tools-wg

Now that you have all the tools installed we can setup the interface. The setup of your interface config is out of the scope of this document, you should consult the manual page of wg.

After you have finished setting up your wgX interface config you can add it to your /etc/network/interfaces:

auto wg0
iface wg0 inet static
    address x.x.x.x
    netmask 255.255.255.0
    pre-up ip link add dev wg0 type wireguard
    pre-up wg setconf wg0 /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf
    post-up ip route add x.x.x.x/24 dev wg0
    post-down ip link delete dev wg0

This config will do:

  • bring the wireguard interface up
  • assign a config to this interface (which you have previously created)
  • setup the interface address and netmask
  • add the route ones the interface is up
  • remove the interface when it goes down

To start the interface and stop it you can execute:

ifup wg0
ifdown wg0

If ifup wg0 fails silently, verify that the bash package is installed.

Bringing up an interface using wg-tools

First we need to create a private and public key

wg genkey | tee privatekey | wg pubkey > publickey

Then we create a new config file /etc/wireguard/wg0.conf

[Interface]
Address = 10.123.0.1/24
ListenPort = 45340
PrivateKey = SG1nXk2+kAAKnMkL5aX3NSFPaGjf9SQI/wWwFj9l9U4= # the key from the previously generated privatekey file
PostUp = iptables -A FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE;iptables -A FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT
PostDown = iptables -D FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE;iptables -D FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT

The PostUp and PostDown steps are there to ensure the interface wg0 will accept and forward traffic to eth0. The postrouting and forward to %i is not required but it will enable "VPN mode" where users can access the internet through this server if desired.

To bring up the new interface we can just use wg-quick up wg0 and to bring it down we can use wg-quick down wg0 which will clean up the interface and remove the ip table rules


Running with modloop

If you are running from a RAM disk you can't modify the modloop.

You can get around it by unpacking the modloop, mount the unpacked modules folder and then installing wireguard.

#!/bin/sh
apk add squashfs-tools # install squashfs tools to unpack modloop
unsquashfs -d /root/squash /lib/modloop-lts # unpack modloop to root dir
umount /.modloop # unmount existing modloop
mount /root/squash/ /.modloop/ # mount unpacked modloop
apk del wireguard-lts # uninstall previous wireguard install
apk add wireguard-lts
apk add wireguard-tools

Now you could repack the squash filesystem or put this script in the /etc/local.d/ path so it runs on boot.