Alpine newbie install manual
Alpine is the Linux that has the most ways to install, here are listed only those most common, for more information see last section of this document.
- PC, machine, laptop are forms or a name for your computer, there's many names incorrectly assigned to, but for you as new users are treated as same for now.
- ISO file means it is a type of file that is downloaded and burned to a CD/DVD or USB with popular programs such as Nero, CloneCD, Brasero, although in the modern era it is simply burned to a USB device.
- Boot or Booting means "Boot" (started from a input drive) a disc recorded on DVD/CD or USB from the disc drive or from a USB port respectively, the computer boots this device and loads the Alpine operating system. Today that means involved with BIOS and UEFI systems.
Alpine are the main program named OS (means Operatin System), that's runs on top of the machine/PC/laptop, and subsequently over this OS run the programs such like the internet web browser, and the web pages like "facebook" runs over that internet web browser.
Ways to install Alpine into machines or virtuals
PLEASE CHOOSE A USE CASE MOST CLOSE TO YOUR SETUP:
Those methods are by booting a source downloaded file:
- Alpine Install: from a disc to a virtualbox machine single only, install Alpine into VirtualBox virtual machine, use if you have a VirtualBox virtual machine and only wants to take a shoot into it.
- Alpine Install: from a disc to a new computer single only boot, install Alpine into a real modern machine by burning a disc that will boot if you have a UEFI or newer hardware and will be only Alpine into it through CD/DVD drive.
- Alpine Install: from a disc to an old computer single only boot, install Alpine into a real most common machine by burning a disc that will boot if you have common older hardware and will be only Alpine into it through CD/DVD drive.
- Alpine Install: from a usb to a new computer single only boot, install Alpine into real modern machine by creating a USB drive unit that will boot if you have a UEFI or newer hardware and will be only Alpine into it through USB drive.
- Alpine Install: from a usb to an old computer dual boot linux Debian, install Alpine into most common machine by creating a USB drive unit that will boot if you have common older hardware and want another Linux as main OS through USB boot.
- Alpine Install: from a usb to an old computer dual boot linux Alpine, install Alpine into most common machine by creating a USB drive unit that will boot if you have common older hardware and want Alpine as main OS through USB boot.
Those methods are by using inside linux already started:
- Alpine Install: from alpine mirror to a new computer by chroot, install Alpine into real modern machine directly using the Alpine mirror sources if you will use the Alpine inside other Linux instalation by chroot.
- Alpine Install: from alpine mirror to an external disc by chroot, install Alpine into real modern machine directly using the Alpine mirror sources if you extracted the disc and use in already booted linux to install.
- Alpine Install: from a iso to a virtualbox machine with external disc, install Alpine into VirtualBox external disc machine, use if you have a older computer that don't boot but extract the disc to prepare it for.
Those methods are by booting through network install media:
- Alpine Install: from a tarball to a boot device arm, install Alpine into arm based device machine, use if you have a network install device capable arm based.
Ways to use Alpine Linux without install
The isohybrid feature enhances such filesystems by a Master Boot Record (MBR) for booting via BIOS from any storage Flash Drive like (such as USBFlash disc Drives or MM).
- Alpine Install: from a usb disc to a machine single only, dump Alpine into usb/mmc card and later use it at your machine without modify any of your already installed files or operating system.
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Overview of run modes for Alpine systems
Alpine can be booted or not, just use it. Alpine Linux installation process are so flexible that indeed can just boot up inside other broken Linux. You believe that every system needs a DVD disc, or a USB to install it?, but Alpine may not even need it, so much so that it can even boot from its phone memory. Obviously the more exquisite the more complicated method.
A proper setup of your system are need, but if you deploy all of an ecosystems in your own home and job.. in your only machine... you will need a proper guide to setup your main system (or maybe a parallel system?).
As any Linux installation, Alpine start process by booting from an external device (CD/DVD, USB Drive, etc...).
As Alpine uses Linux kernel, start step of collecting information to initialize a minimum system, the
setup-alpine will copy files. This minimun system started before proceed to property install are a diskless mode started from the orig medium.
The post installation step provides the way to choose the root password, and eventually boot up the new installed system.
Alpine can be used in any of three modes respected the install process:
When you use Alpine in this mode, you need to use Alpine Local Backup (lbu) to save your modifications between reboots. That requires some writable medium, usually removable. If your boot medium is, for example, a USB drive, you can save modifications there; you don't need a separate partition or drive. See also Local APK cache.
As in diskless mode, your OS is run from a read-only medium. However, here a writable partition (usually on a hard disk) is used to store the data in /var. That partition is accessed directly, rather than copied into a tmpfs; so this is better-suited to uses where large amounts of data need to be preserved between reboots.
This mode may be used for mailspools, database and log servers, and so on.
This is a traditional hard-disk install. Both the boot system and your modifications are written to the hard disk in a standard Linux hierarchy.
This mode may be used for desktops, development boxes, and virtual servers.