Alpine newbie install manual

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Alpine is the Linux that has the most ways to install, here are listed only those most common, for more information see last section of this document.

  • Computer device like PC, laptop, or Raspberry, are forms or a name for machines that uses the software named "Operating System" like Alpine Linux, the target of a "install process" to property put the Alpine system.
  • Image file means it is a type of file that is downloaded and burned to a CD/DVD or dumped to a USB with popular programs (such as Nero, CloneCD, Brasero), although in the modern era it's not the only way (Raspberri's).
  • Boot or Booting means "Boot" (started from a media source) a disc recorded on DVD/CD or USB from the disc drive or from a USB port respectively, the computer boots this device and loads the Alpine operating system. Today that means involved with BIOS and UEFI systems.

Alpine are the main program named OS (means Operating System), that's runs on top of the machine/PC/laptop, and subsequently over this OS run the programs such like the internet web browser, and the web pages like "facebook" runs over that internet web browser.

Additional Details

1. About Media download of image sources: When download image sources to install, take note of the "architecture" namestring in each green button. Most common cases just download x86 or x86_64 types.. for further information check Architectures section and then Media Downloadable section of requirements wiki page. Optionally you can perform a sha256 checksum as described in Checksum section of Requirements wiki page but is not necessary in general cases.
2. About Media sources to dump image sources: When download image sources to install, this depends of your hardware, for some like ARM or PowerPC you could check Ways_to_install_Alpine_listed_by_architectures wiki page if you have special cases like ARM, PPC or s390 machines.
3. About boot install process: The boot process depends on each computer device, mostly need to specify witch device to boot, for that check Booting section wiki page. Boot process copies the entire system into the RAM memory, and then runs it completely from RAM, so that the started command line environment does not depend on reading from the (slow) initial boot media anymore. After that a prompt for "login" are displayed, input the "root" as user and just enter. So there's no need to ask for password at first boot.
4. About running mode of the media source: However, even though it is not installed on your device it is working as if it were, all the setup-scripts and the apk package manager are available to direct use, and all the general command line tools. All of this is from the media you boot, this mode is called "diskless mode", for further information check Setup_modes section for "alpine running modes". All the media Alpine images are already Alpine running live systems

Requirements

Alpine Linux has few and low requirements. Nowadays any hardware is supported for Alpine Linux, More complete requirements documentation are at Requirements wiki page:

Memory

  • At least 128 Megs of RAM for server without graphical GUI.
  • At least 1.6 Gigs for graphical desktop
  • At least 4 Gigs for high firefox or chromium usage!

More complete requirements documentation are at Memory requirements section wiki page.

Storage

  • At least 1 Gigs storage device for server without graphical GUI
  • At least 10 Gigs for graphical desktop, or at least 80 Gigs overall!

More complete requirements documentation are at Storage requirements section wiki page

GPU

Almost any GPU are supported, but for advanced features, 3D acceleration are manager by MESA project:

  • Intel: mostly any Intel by one exception, intel i810/i815 will lack of features cos only has 4Mb memory, Mesa and Linux drop theit support.
  • ATI/AMD, only radeon series with exception of recent two last years respect Alpine release, Rage r128/match64 series has limited support.
  • Nvidia: limited; only few are complete supported! not all features are allowed!
  • Matrox: not all features are supported, just cos are shipped on most servers.
  • Sis: limited features are supported, since code are not updated on Xorg and Linux kernel
  • Via: limited features are supported, since openchrome code are not updated on Xorg and Linux kernel

More complete requirements documentation are at Requirements#Peripherals wiki page.

Ways to install Alpine into machines listed by user cases

We have here many ways listed how you can put Alpine Linux in your computer device, PLEASE CHOOSE A USE CASE MOST CLOSE TO YOUR SETUP:

by booting a source downloaded file ISO on USB or CD/DVD/BR

  1. Alpine Install: from a disc to a virtualbox machine single only, install Alpine into VirtualBox virtual machine, use if you have a VirtualBox virtual machine and only wants to take a shoot into it
  2. Alpine Install: from a disc to a any computer single only boot, install Alpine into a real modern machine by burning a disc that will boot if you have a UEFI or BIOS hardware and will be only Alpine into it through CD/DVD drive.
  3. Alpine Install: from a usb to a any computer single only boot, install Alpine into real modern machine by creating a USB drive unit that will boot if you have a UEFI or BIOS hardware and will be only Alpine into it through USB drive.
  4. Alpine Install: from a usb to any computer dual boot linux Debian, install Alpine into most common machine by creating a USB drive unit that will boot if you have common hardware and want another Linux as main OS through USB boot.
  5. Alpine Install: from a usb to any computer dual boot linux Alpine, install Alpine into most common machine by creating a USB drive unit that will boot if you have common hardware and want Alpine Linux as main OS through USB boot.
  6. Alpine Install: from a disc to a old computer single only boot, especial case for very very older hardware computers PC or laptops by burning a disc that will boot if you have a BIOS only older hardware and will be only Alpine into it through CD/DVD drive.
  7. Alpine Install: from a disc to PC Engines APU: to install Alpine into second generation PC Engines APU systems, it were tested with an apu2d4 using alpine lasted.

by using from linux already started to new partition

  1. Alpine Install: from alpine mirror to a new computer by chroot, install Alpine into real modern machine directly using the Alpine mirror sources if you will use the Alpine inside other Linux installation by chroot.
  2. Alpine Install: from alpine mirror to an external disc by chroot, install Alpine into real modern machine directly using the Alpine mirror sources if you extracted the disc and use in already booted linux to install.
  3. Alpine Install: from a iso to a virtualbox machine with external disc, install Alpine into VirtualBox external disc machine, use if you have a older computer that don't boot but extract the disc to prepare it for.

by booting through network install media

  1. Alpine Install: from a tarball to a boot device arm, install Alpine into arm based device machine, use if you have a network install device capable arm based.

  2. Alpine on ARM for thos that need to dump to ARM based hardware

by booting from external devices

If the computer does not automatically boot from the desired device, one needs to bring up the boot menu selection for choosing the media to boot from. Depending on the computer the menu may be accessed by quickly (repeatedly) pressing a key when booting starts, or sometimes it is needed to press the button before starting the computer and keep holding it when it boots. Typical keys are: `F9`-`F12`, sometimes `F7` or `F8`. If these don't bring up the boot menu, it may be necessary to enter the BIOS configuration and adjust the boot settings, for which typical keys are: `Del.` `F1` `F2` `F6` or `Esc.`

Ways to install Alpine listed by architectures

x86_64 x86_32 x86

The all popular 32 bit intel (i386 pc 32bit) and x86_64 (i686 pc 64bit and amd64)compatible (both)

ppc64le

For the PowerPC devices with pure little-endian mode, mostly for POWER8 and POWER9

armhf armv7

The ARM based hardwares, that does not have CD/DVD/BR boot support, only execution state of the ARMv7 devices machines. Including video game consoles; the newer ARM hard-float for newer, more powerful 32-bit devices alongside 64-bit.

aarch64

The 64-bit ARM only execution state of the ARMv8 device machines.

s390x

For the Super powered IBM mainframes, especially IBM Z and IBM LinuxONE servers

Ways to use Alpine Linux without install

  1. Alpine Install: from a usb disc to a machine single only, dump Alpine into usb/mmc card and later use it at your machine without modify any of your already installed files or operating system.

Documents series

Previous required What's next to read
Alpine newbie Alpine Install: from a disc to a virtualbox machine single only


See Also

  1. Newbie_Alpine_Ecosystem
  2. Alpine newbie apk packages
  3. Alpine newbie desktops
  4. Alpine newbie developer
  5. Alpine newbie lammers