Vlan

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This article shows how to configure a network interface as an IEEE 802.1q VLAN trunk.

Note: Alpine Linux v2.4 or later is required

Installation

First, install the vlan package. This will give you support for vlans in the /etc/network/interfaces file.

apk add vlan

Configuration

Edit the /etc/network/interfaces file:

auto eth0.8
iface eth0.8 inet static
	address 192.168.0.2
	netmask 255.255.255.0
	gateway 192.168.0.1

With the vlan package installed ifup will find the trailing .8 in eth0.8 and will create a vlan interface with vid 8 over eth0.

Alternative with vlan8 over eth0:

auto vlan8
iface vlan8 inet static
	address 192.168.0.2
	netmask 255.255.255.0
	gateway 192.168.0.1
	vlan-raw-device eth0

In those examples a static ip address was used but it works with dhcp as well.

Example with bridges associated with VLANs over bonding with differing MTUs on the various VLANs

This serves as an example of some of the more complicated networking possible. Particularly, this would work well for a hypervisor attached to a dedicated storage VLAN. Less complicated implementations can be achieved by merely excising those parts inapplicable.

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

auto bond0
iface bond0 inet manual
bond_slaves eth0 eth1
bond_mode 802.3ad
bond_miimon 100
bond_xmit_hash_policy layer2+3
post-up ip link set dev bond0 mtu 9000

iface bond0.1 inet manual

auto br1
iface br1 inet static
address 192.168.1.196
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 192.168.1.1
bridge_ports bond0.1
bridge_stp off
bridge_fd 0.0
post-up ip link set dev bond0.1 mtu 1500

iface bond0.10 inet manual

auto br10
iface br10 inet static
address 192.168.10.1
netmask 255.255.255.0
bridge_ports bond0.10
bridge_stp off
bridge_fd 0.0